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Every electric semi truck in one fee

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Electric semi-trucks are coming, and they could help decarbonize the shipping and logistics industry. However, range is still a major limitation.

This presents challenges in long-distance transportation, as the diesel-powered semi-auto can travel up to 2,000 miles before refueling. Compare this to the longest electric model, which is Tesla Semi, which promises a distance of up to 500 miles. The key word here is “promises” – the semi is still in development, and nothing has been proven yet.

In this infographic, we’ve listed all the upcoming electric semi-trucks, complete with range and charging time estimates. Further in the article, we will explore the potential commercial use cases of this first generation truck.

Form overview

The following table includes all the models listed in the infographic above.

a company truck name Domain Shipping time Expected delivery
πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ Tesla Half 300-500 miles to be announced later on 2023
πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ cargo ship Excadia 250 miles 80% in 1.5 hours 2022
πŸ‡ΈπŸ‡ͺ Volvo Electric VNR 275 miles 80% in 1 hour 2022
πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ Kenworth T680E 150 miles 100% in 3.3 hours to be announced later on
πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ Peterbilt 579 EV 150 miles 100% in 3.3 hours 2022
πŸ‡¨πŸ‡³ BYD 8 167 miles 100% in 2.5 hours In process
πŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ Nicola Tre BEV 350 miles 10% to 80% in less than 2 hours 2022

Source: US News, CNBC, InsideEVs

With the exception of Tesla’s Semi, all of these trucks are currently in operation or expected to begin deliveries this year. You may want to approach this with caution, as the electric car industry has become infamous for delays.

On the one hand DomainTesla and Nikola promise the highest numbers (300+ miles), with the rest of the competition targeting 150 to 275 miles. It is reasonable to assume that half of the Tesla and Nikola will be the most expensive.

Shipping times Difficult to compare due to the variables involved. This includes the amount of charge and the type of charger used. Nikola, for example, claims that it will take two hours to charge it Tre BEV From 10% to 80% when using a 240 kW charger.

Charger technology is also improving rapidly. Tesla is believed to be rolling out a 1 megawatt (1,000 kW) charger that could add 400 miles of range in just 30 minutes.

Electric Semi Truck Use Cases

Given their relatively low ranges, the electric semi-final is unlikely to be used over long distances.

Instead, they are expected to be published on Regional and urban roads, where the total distance traveled between destinations is much less. There are many reasons why electric semis are suitable for these tracks, as listed below:

  • Smaller batteries can be installed, keeping truck cost down
  • Urban roads offer more opportunities to use regenerative braking
  • Quieter and cleaner operation in densely populated areas

An example of a regional route is the delivery of containers from the Port of Los Angeles to the Los Angeles Transportation Center (LATC) intermodal facility. LATC is where containers are loaded onto trains, and is approximately 28 miles away.

With a round trip totaling approx 60 milessemi electric range 200 miles It can practically complete this path three times before it needs a charge. The truck can be charged overnight, as well as during midday rest hours.

Hydrogen long distances?

We’ve covered the differences between batteries and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles in the past, but that was from a passenger car perspective. The conclusion, in this case, is that the electric battery has become the dominant technology. However, in terms of long-distance trucking, hydrogen may have an advantage.

If we look at what will become mainstream, electric vehicles and fuel cells for mobility will likely be larger for smaller mobility. This is the conclusion so far.
– Toshihiro Mibe, CEO of Honda

There are many reasons why hydrogen is useful for delivering heavy goods over long distances. These are mentioned below:

  • Refueling a hydrogen fuel cell takes less time than recharging a battery. Note, however, that charging times are still improving.
  • The fuel cell configuration is usually lighter than an equivalent battery pack. Less thrust group weight translates to higher cargo capacity.
  • Hydrogen powered trucks can achieve much higher range.

This last point has not yet been proven, but we can refer to it Nicola, which is developing hydrogen-powered semi-trucks. The company has two business models, namely Tre FCEV With a range of 500 miles, and two FCEV With a range of 900 miles.

Keep in mind that these numbers are estimates again and that Nicola has been accused of fraud in the past.

Who uses electric semi trucks today?

Although there are very few models available, electric semi trucks are already in use today.

In January 2020, Anheuser-Busch She announced that she got 100 8. The 8TT was produced by the Chinese company BYD, and was one of the first electric semi-autos that could be used in the real world. The brewing company uses 8TB to deliver produce to retail destinations across California (such as grocery stores).

Another American company that uses half of the electricity is Walmart. The retailer is trying both Excadia From Freightliner and Tre BEV from Nicola. Trucks are used to pick up goods from suppliers and then deliver them to regional consolidation centers.

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