Monochrome pictures of Hanoi’s old markets

Posted by Hugh Nhan & nbsp May 1, 2022 | 01:00 AM Pacific Time

An existing virtual exhibition reveals how Hanoi’s markets came to be and historical stories about them.



Buoi (Pomelo) Market in Yen Thai . Village. Photo courtesy of the Institute of Social Sciences Information
Photographs of Dong Xuan, Buoi, Lunar New Year flower market and street vendors in Hanoi from the 19th to early 20th centuries in “Ky Uc Cho Xua” (Memories of Old Markets).
The exhibition is organized by the First National Archives and Government Records and Archives Department of Vietnam.

Monochrome pictures of Hanoi's old markets

Market on Hue Street in December 1926. Photo courtesy of the Institute of Social Sciences Information
Thang Long Castle used to contain Ke Chu, which is a gathering point for the entire area, including the markets in the old quarter and adjacent areas.
In 1883, Paul Borde, a French journalist for the Tonkin newspaper, described Hanoi as a large open-air market.
“There is a market every six days. Merchants and artisans of all kinds come from the neighboring villages and the street is full of people.”

Monochrome pictures of Hanoi's old markets

A woman sells “can long lun” (soup from pig droppings) at Dong Xuan Market in 1925. Photo from the French School of the Far East
“On small off-roads, enthusiasm is high enough on weekdays, noticeably greater on days of market formation,” Burd wrote.

Monochrome pictures of Hanoi's old markets

Small market near the temple. In the past, people used baskets to sell goods and foliage to wrap them. Photo courtesy of the Institute of Social Sciences Information

Monochrome pictures of Hanoi's old markets

Street vendors on the sidewalks. Photo courtesy of the Institute of Social Sciences Information
“Thang Long Citadel has many markets, but there are still street vendors selling their own products,” said Baron, a British tourist who visited Hanoi in the 17th century.
Street vendors are not regulated by the government.
When Hanoi became a French concession in 1888, the government began to control society based on French laws.
During this period, taxes on merchandise and merchants brought in the most money, and the city council voted to increase the number of market days, levying a daily fee on street vendors and forbidding them to sell on the sidewalks.

Monochrome pictures of Hanoi's old markets

a fu A booth near Hoan Kiem Lake. The Huc Bridge leading to the Ngoc Son Temple can be seen in the distance. Photo courtesy of the Institute of Social Sciences Information
After street vendors were forbidden to sell on the sidewalks, they often escaped from the patrols.
Reporter Charles Labarth once wrote: “Suddenly at the beginning of the street, following the steady steps of two soldiers in red uniforms, all the noise ceased. The vendors of fruit, ham, and merchandise miraculously disappeared. People rushed into the neighboring houses. Those who had nowhere to hide and got down to their knees with a terrified look. on their faces.”

Monochrome pictures of Hanoi's old markets

man has fu Procrastination. He has a pot of broth on one side of the shoulder shaft and bowls and spoons arranged neatly in a basket on the other side. Image courtesy of the French School of the Far East

Monochrome pictures of Hanoi's old markets

Flower market near Hoan Kiem Lake. Women from the village of Flowers Ngoc are sitting in rows on its bank. Photo courtesy of the Institute of Social Sciences Information
Bidding for seats at the flower shop on the corner of Dinh Tien Huang Street and Anh Quoc Street began in 1952. There were 22 seats available, each costing VND 400 ($0.01) a month.

Monochrome pictures of Hanoi's old markets

Dong Xuan Market with a facade bearing French architecture.
The French colonial government abolished the small markets and gathered merchants into larger and more convenient markets such as Dong Xuan Market.
Dong Xuan was built in 1890 in the heart of Hanoi’s Old Quarter by combining Bach Ma and Cau Dong markets, and was one of the largest at the time. Photo courtesy of the Institute of Social Sciences Information

Monochrome pictures of Hanoi's old markets

Dong Xuan Market is filled with people and vendors during the Lunar New Year 1955. At first the market only opened every two days, but with the development of the economy and trade, the market was open every day. Photo courtesy of the Institute of Social Sciences Information

Monochrome pictures of Hanoi's old markets

A woman selling chrysanthemums at Dong Xuan Market. Photo courtesy of the Institute of Social Sciences Information

Monochrome pictures of Hanoi's old markets

Calligraphy expert at work on the sidewalk, a famous photo of Hanoi from the past. Photo courtesy of the Institute of Social Sciences Information

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